The saga of sanitary waste-1: Bangalore alone sends about 91 tonnes of pads to landfills every day


Most of us know where our used sanitary pads land up. But did we know how many of them reach the landfills each day?

“Sanitary Waste, The Whole Picture” is a study conducted in 2014, probably a first-of-its-kind in India, that puts a number on one of the feminine hygiene products (FHPs) used widely in India—sanitary pads.

This study was conducted by Chennai-based G Vijayakumar—a keen naturalist, conservationist and an independent social worker working in the areas of education and livelihood among the marginalized sections of society; BBMP Solid Waste Management (SWM) Expert Committee Members—Bangalore citizen members working with the municipality for sustainable SWM in the City; and, compiled and presented by Solid Waste Management Round Table (SWMRT), Bangalore—a public interest citizen group for sustainable SWM in the City.

The study covers many angles: the quantity of sanitary pads generated per day, the health hazards of using pads, collection and disposal methods and its life-threatening effects on the pourakarmikas, among other important aspects.

Although this study limits itself to Bangalore city, the import of its message, in my view, is anything but provincial. The reasons: This is a No.1 taboo topic being worsened by unwarranted silence. Secondly, it’s considerably difficult to get a door-to-door survey done to quantify the pads used precisely because this is not a subject everyone loves to talk about openly. Thirdly, this topic is, literally, a no man’s land. So long as women religiously maintain the vicious silence around it, the housekeepers and pourakarmikas continue to suffer in silence and the landfills keep taking in mountains of them, no reliable data will emerge.

In this respect, this study gains significance and throws the field open to discuss, deliberate and demystify it further.

“The Whole Picture”

Based on Census 2011, this computation is based on 100 per cent usage of pads by women in the age group of 15 to 44 years living in Bangalore city.

The findings:

  • Each month 276 lakh sanitary pads are likely to be generated. That’s 9 lakh sanitary pads per day in Bangalore city for a population of 17 lakh women experiencing menstruation.
  • Bangalore city generating 9 lakh pads per day in terms of weight would be: (9 X 152)/ 15 = 91.2 lakh grams of used sanitary pads.
  • When converted into kilograms, it would be 91, 200 kilograms of used sanitary pad waste weight per day.
  • That’s 91.2 tonnes per day of used sanitary pads in Bangalore city.
  • Equivalent to 33,000 tonnes per year.

We are not out of the ‘menstrual hut’, yet

In reality, menstruation is a simple, cyclical and physiological occurrence among women. But the array of mind-boggling social, cultural and religious misconceptions, myths and euphemisms that shroud it have only been forcing the women into that menstrual hut for centuries.

A majority of ‘modern’ women may not have entered it literally, but they do so each time they are shut off by the unhealthy silence that surrounds them. The black plastic bags doled out by our considerate shopkeepers to wrap the sanitary napkins only symbolises the spiral of silence that has built up around this experience.

Pic source:

5 thoughts on “The saga of sanitary waste-1: Bangalore alone sends about 91 tonnes of pads to landfills every day

  1. Hi,
    Thank you for the informative post, yet again.
    1. I would like to know, did you consider 16 pads/women in a month for the calculation (276 lakh pads used by 17 lakh women)
    2. For calculating the waste generation in a day, what is 15 and 152



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