Aerobic home composting: Exploring Vani Murthy’s favourite methods

Anything to do with composting case studies is incomplete until we hear from a certain someone. ‘Endlessly Green’ is happy to team up with this particular composting expert and thanks her and her ‘We Care for Malleswaram’ team-mate Shyamala Suresh for bringing you HOME COMPOSTING METHODS.

By Shyamala Suresh

When she first experimented with composting, Vani failed. Today she’s regarded as one of the leading urban composting experts in Bengaluru. She has practised and taught several methods. Her apartment is a laboratory of sorts where she has four different methods of composting running in parallel. It has become a great open source of information and has people flocking it each time she holds a composting workshop. In fact, there have been more than a few who have walked out of the workshop fully transformed—from being a cowdung-hater to a compost-lover. Let’s explore the home composting methods she has perfected for over five years.

Urban composting

Urban composting is the simplest solution for managing an individual unit’s wet waste and there are different methods to choose from, all of which are simple and effective.

“Composting in simple words is the breakdown of organic matter, it happens naturally in open spaces. However, in the urban setting, lack of space requires us to practice this in a contained atmosphere. This requires a certain amount of understanding as we are creating conditions suitable for breakdown in the contained atmosphere. Often, bad smell, rodents and insects are the primary issues that people face due to lack of understanding,” says Vani.

Aerobic composting


Vani Murthy uses Khamba, among other containers, to compost her kitchen waste at her home.

Aerobic, as the name goes, involves air circulation for the breakdown of organic matter. It requires very little in terms of infrastructure. If you choose not to invest in a Khamba from Daily Dump, you can start with any container. But make sure you punch some small holes around it to ensure circulation. Vani has been practising with both Khamba and other containers for years.

What you need: A Khamba or a pot or a tub or any container with small holes for aeration, dry leaves and an inoculum which is nothing but a rich concentration of micro-organisms to speed up the composting process.

The process:

  • Collect all the organic waste from your kitchen and mix it with dry leaves of equal quantity. Crush the dry leaves for faster and easier breakdown.
  • Either add half-done compost or butter milk or cow dung or Panchagavya to start the process.
  • The pile must be turned once in four days.
  • If the pile is too wet then it will start to stink. Add more dry leaves to neutralize it and aerate it. If it’s too dry, the breakdown will stop. Sprinkle some water.
  • Once full, it will take 30-45 days to become compost.
  • Sieve it and use the finer part. The rest can go back into the container for further breakdown.

Points to ponder:

  • It is advisable to avoid adding meat, dairy products and cooked food at least in the beginning.
  • Keep the container covered, but not airtight.
  • Daily Dump sells the Khamba which comes with detailed instructions.

Check out these links for more info:

Chai with Lakshmi
Journey of my kitchen waste

Shyamala Suresh

Shyamala Suresh


About the author

Waste management and composting-crazy person; addicted to sports and books. Shyamala loves people, animals, the gym, conversations and growing organic food.

12 thoughts on “Aerobic home composting: Exploring Vani Murthy’s favourite methods

  1. It’s a most useful way to turn our kitchen waste into a compost to make our kitchen garden least expensive and more productive. I am very much impressed and like to attend the the next workshop.



  2. Thanks Savita ! Vani does indeed making home composting so simple keeping to all the essentials. Ive been experimenting with the daily dump khamba fr some months. And this is better than what the daily dump people tell you ! 🙂 Am currently, and rather urgently (as the big leaf fall season in Delhi has begun) looking for the best tree leaf composting methods. At different scales esp for parks and gardens or community level. Any really good tried tested ideas for an indian context would be most welcome. Thanks
    Ajay Mahajan

    Liked by 1 person

    • Dear Ajay,
      Nice to know about your composting interests. I guess platform composting would be the best for dry leaves. But I am not sure if you have ample supply of cow/buffalo dung. If yes, then please read about this method in the community composting category.
      Good luck!


  3. It’s a beautiful technique to turn your waste into growing medium for plants and vegetables. I am from north India , I would like to learn this technique so that I can tell other people about it . This kind of practice is not much followed in our state (Punjab )

    Liked by 1 person

  4. Hi, My Name is Premkumar and I am writing to get info on how an apartment of 120 families can take up composting , cost , maintenance etc , kindly help me with details , my phone no is 9632922337..our apartment complex name is Subhodaya Luxuria ..located in kadubesnahalli , bangalore…regards


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